Friday, September 28, 2018

What are Steroids, Side Effects of Steroids, Different types of Steroids | The Ultimate Beginner's Guide - Health and Fitness City





What  are  Steroids, Side  Effects  of  Steroids, Different  types  of  Steroids

Steroids are synthetics drugs that resemble natural hormones made in the body The type of steroids that are misused are anabolic androgenic
steroids (AAS), which copy the effects of the male hormone, testosterone. People use AAS to build muscle or increase strength. These types of steroids can be swallowed or injected into the muscles. AAS are different to corticosteroids, which are medically prescribed to treat conditions such as asthma. Corticosteroids copy the effects of the cortisol hormone and have no muscle-building or performanceenhancing effects.


Harmful effects of short-term use

  •  Water retention
  •  Acne
  •  Reduced sex drive
  •  High blood pressure and cholesterol
  •  Heart disease, stroke and abnormal liver function.
  •  Diabetes
  •  Mood swings, irritability and aggression
  •  Fatigue
  •  Impulsive behaviour, risk-taking behaviour
  •  Depression
  •  Sleep problems
  •  Hallucinations (seeing, hearing or felling things that don’t exist)
  •  Growth stunting and premature bone ageing in adolescents.


Harmful effects of long-term use

In addition to the above effects, in males, longterm
use of AAS can cause:
  • Baldness
  • Development of breast tissue
  • Shrinking testicles and decreased
  • Sperm production. 

In addition to the above effects, in females, longterm
use of AAS can cause:
  •  Facial hair and a deeper voice
  •  Changes in the menstrual cycle
  •  Decreased breast size
  •  Enlarged clitoris. 


Types of Steroids

Anabolic androgenic steroids:
These are the more commonly known steroids. These steroids are synthetic versions of the male hormone testosterone, which is produced naturally in the body of both men and women.

Anabolic = muscle building

Androgenic = masculine sex characteristics

Glucocorticosteroids:
These are man-made versions of the hormones produced in the body. These are types of steroids for inflammation and other conditions, such as asthma, skin rashes and bronchitis.

Mineralocorticosteroids:
These are synthetic hormones that are naturally produced in the adrenal cortex and are used to help regulate the salt and water in the body.



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