Monday, September 24, 2018

What is Whey Protein, Benefits and Side Effects of Whey Protein | The Ultimate Beginner's Guide - Health and Fitness City

What is Whey Protein?

Milk is made of two proteins, casein and whey. Whey protein can be separated from the casein in milk or formed as a by-product of cheese
making. Whey protein is considered a complete protein as it contains all 9 essential amino acids. It is low in lactose content. As we all know, protein is the building block of life but not all proteins are created equal.

Whey is considered by many to be the ultimate source of protein due to its exceptional branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) profile and high biological value.  When your body converts protein, it breaks it down into amino acids. These amino acids help to repair torn muscle tissue and build new ones. The higher the amino acid profile of a product, the more effective it will be at helping to rebuild and create new muscle tissue and at helping you manage weight. As for the biological value (BV), it is a measure of the nitrogen retained for growth or maintenance, expressed as a percentage of the nitrogen absorbed. In other words, it represents the measure of the efficiency of a protein, and how it can be absorbed and used by the body for growth. Egg protein sets the standard with 100. In comparison, beef can be found at around 75, while whey protein stands as high as 170.


Benefits of Whey Protein

There are many benefits associated with the consumption of whey protein, and researchers are constantly finding new possible therapeutic properties.

Although whey protein is consumed as a supplement, it is much more than that. It is a functional “super food” that helps immensely in the regulation of your body weight. It also helps in increasing muscle mass, and comes with many other health benefits. The health benefits that this nutrient provides are linked directly to the amino acid profile it has. This complete protein is also highly rich in antioxidants, making it an effective fighter against various diseases and a great promoter of overall health.

Here is a look at some of the benefits that you can gain by moderately consuming whey protein supplement of high quality on a regular basis:
  • It helps in promoting weight loss.
  • It helps in increasing muscle mass in the body.
  • It helps in the treatment of cancer.
  • It helps in reducing the symptoms that come with HIV.
  • It helps in increasing the levels of glutathione in your body.
  • It helps in lowering triglyceride levels in the body.
  • It helps in lowering cholesterol levels while increasing good cholesterol or HDL.
  • It helps in boosting the proper function of the immune system.
  • It helps in increasing power while playing sports.
  • It helps in lowering recovery time and the symptoms that come with over-training.

As you can see, there are quite a few benefits to gain from whey protein intake. The trick is to make sure that you do not take too much of it. Instead of gaining its goodness, you can end up with side effects that may not seem too severe but can be highly uncomfortable. If you have kidney, liver or heart problems, it is especially important to moderate your intake of whey protein and also get your doctor’s advice before you start making it a part of your daily diet.


Side Effects of Whey Protein

Although whey protein has many benefits, it does come with quite a few side effects as well. Here is a look at fifteen of the adverse effects that this protein can have on your body:

1. Excessive Fat Gain:
In many cases, whey protein supplements have extra carbohydrates in the form of sugars. There are some that have fats as well. This means that weight can be gained in fat form, which is unhealthy. You can also gain weight when you overeat while consuming whey protein at the same time.

2. Kidney Stone Formation:
When you consume whey protein, there is a risk of kidney stone formation. While it may not be a direct cause, experts believe that this protein can make the condition worse if you are already suffering from it. To prevent this, you should take adequate quantities pf dietary fiber and water.

3. Digestive Problems:
Lactose is present in whey protein, and if you are sensitive to it, you could end up having problems with digestion. It is not only people who are lactose intolerant that suffer from this problem. If you do have digestive problems, opt for a whey protein concentrate as it does not contain as much lactose.

4. Risk Of Gout:
Although there is no evidence that whey protein is a direct cause of gout, it can worsen the problem if you already have it. It is also best to consult a physician before you start taking whey protein if there is a history of gout in your family.

5. Kidney Problems:
Excessive intake of whey protein can cause renal problems, especially if you already suffer from them. Experts recommend monitoring your whey protein intake and also consulting your physician before you start taking it. This way you can avoid any long-term damage to your kidneys.

6. Liver Problems:
Consuming whey protein excessively can worsen liver problems. This is why it is important to make sure that you consume the protein moderately at all times. It is also advisable to consult your doctor before taking whey protein, as it may interfere with the effects of the medication you are taking for your liver condition.

7. Risk Of Heart Disease:
Experts believe that consuming too much whey protein can have dangerous effects on people who suffer from heart disease. It can cause cardiac arrest, heart rhythms that are abnormal, and as well as complete loss of heart functionalities.

8. Blood Acidity Increase:
Another side effect of whey protein consumption is an escalation of pH in blood. When there is too much protein in your blood, the kidney has problems in metabolizing it. This results in the increase of blood acidity.

9. Development Of Osteoporosis:
This disorder has been linked to excessive intake of whey protein. This is especially risky with long-term intake of the protein. Consuming whey protein in high amounts can cause mineral imbalance in the bones which in turn can lead to the depletion of the density of bone minerals.

10. Fatigue And Weakness:
Due to the digestion problems that some people suffer from when they consume whey protein, they can also go through adverse effects such as extreme fatigue as well as weakness. They may also suffer from bloating, gas, cramps, etc. This is because some people’s bodies can’t process or break down the protein that they consume.

11. Development Of Ketosis:
This is another common side effect of whey protein consumption. This is a condition that occurs when abnormal levels of ketone bodies are present in the blood (3). If you put yourself on a diet that is low in carbohydrate and high in protein, energy is burnt in the body using fat. When there is no fat, protein is used. This puts immense pressure on the liver and causes damage over time.

12. Diarrhea:
Another side effect of excessive whey protein consumption is diarrhea. It is a part of the effect that this protein has on the digestive system. There can even be blood in the stool, especially among infants.

13. Wheezing:
Many people often have an allergic reaction to whey protein, especially if they are lactose intolerant. Such people can have difficulty breathing and may suffer from symptoms like wheezing. If you go through this symptom, you should consult a physician immediately.

14. Swelling Of Throat, Mouth, Lips:
Another symptom that comes with an allergic reaction to whey protein is the swelling of the throat, mouth, and lips. Although it may not be painful, it can be extremely uncomfortable, and it is best to see a doctor to make sure that no severe damage has been done.

15. Nausea:
This is one of the common side effects of taking whey protein. In quite a few cases, people also suffer from vomiting. The key to avoiding this uncomfortable side effect is to cut down on your intake of the protein.

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